Here are a few items to consider before venturing out:
- Will I need a local license?
- Do I understand the driving rules of the country?
- Do I have the proper documentation and safety items in the car?
- How will I learn to drive on the “opposite” side of the road and understand the road signs?
Many countries require foreign drivers to carry an International Driver’s Permit (IDP) in addition to a valid domestic license. Obtain the IDP in your home country before departure. The IDP is a valid form of identification in 150 countries and your information is translated into 10 languages.
Regulations vary by country, but you may need to apply for a local license to drive in your host country if you intend to stay longer than six months. Requirements often include passing a local driver’s test – practical, theoretical, or both — to get the local license, and testing may be administered only in the local language.
The best resource for understanding the driving rules and conventions in your host country is the local driver’s license authority. Even if you possess a local license and have already learned the rules of the road, there are other considerations. These include road conditions, night driving, parking, alcohol tolerance and driving, traffic tickets and cell phone restrictions. The Association for Safe International Road Traveloffers comprehensive reports on road travel for 130 countries.
Organize the proper documents and safety items in the car. Carry your IDP, local license and your passport when traveling. Many countries require that a warning triangle, first aid kit, fire extinguisher, tool kit and flashlight be carried in the trunk of the car. Check for a spare tire that’s in good condition, too.
If you will be in a country that drives on the opposite side from your home country, take a test drive locally to become accustomed to the road signs, roundabouts, and to practice merging from a different side before taking a longer trip. Also, review the road signs before you hit the road. For European road signs, click here. For U.S. road signs, click here.
Having the freedom to travel and explore by car while on assignment can be one of the biggest benefits of living abroad. Just make sure you’ve checked all the rules before you go. With a little preparation and knowledge, your road trip will be a success!